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  • 這些一年生的蔬菜作物是蔓生、攀緣或濃密的肉質植物。種植這些果實是為了食用、榨油或裝罐。果實在種子成熟前收獲,以供新鮮食用。用于榨油的品種是在果實完全成熟、藤莖干燥時收獲的。用于裝罐的葫蘆必須在藤上晾干,直到種子松動并在里面嘎嘎作響。有些品種提供可食用的花和嫩葉。

    1. Bottle Gourd Lagenaria siceraria

      Bottle Gourds are typically grown for non-food use. The gourd is allowed to reach its full size on the plant and turned into a valuable container for grains or liquids. Mature fruits contain an extremely hard and waterproof rind when dried. The growing gourd may be constricted with bands to form...
    2. Wax Gourd Benincasa hispida

      Tung Kua

      Wax gourds are vining plants that produce large, round wax-covered fruits. Originally from Southeast Asia, the species is grown in many lowland tropical environments up to 1,300 m in elevation. The long vines may be trained along trellises or up buildings where they produce fruit. Fruits are...
    3. Tropical Pumpkin Cucurbita moschata

      The Tropical Pumpkin originated in tropical South or Central America, possibly Peru or Mexico, and is now widely distributed throughout the tropics. Tropicalpumpkins are very well adapted to hot, humid conditions and the ripe fruits can be stored for months or even a year under dry well...
    4. Caigua Cyclanthera pedata

      Caigua isan Andean fruit that grows on a climbing vine similar to cucumbers. The mature fruit is hollow and is often stuffed for cooking. The immature fruits and young shoots are eaten raw and cooked.
    5. Buffalo Gourd Cucurbita foetidissima

      The buffalo gourd is native to Southwestern North America
    6. Summer Squash Cucurbita pepo

      Summer Squashes are distinctive from all other squashes because they are eaten when they are immature. They grow on either vines or bushes with large leaves that are hairy underneath. They have smooth, edible skin, flesh that varies from light to dark green or yellow, and seeds that are soft and...
    7. Seminole Pumpkin Cucurbita moschata

      Seminole pumpkins are a landrace of Cucurbita moschata that developed in Florida. Naturalists record the conspicuous presence of Seminole Pumpkin fruits hanging from tree limbs during their travels to Florida already in the 18th century. Seminole pumpkins are very well adapted to hot, humid...
    8. Tahitian Butternut Cucurbita moschata

      This winter squash has been cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas of the Americas since Pre-Colombian times. Evidence of its use has been found in archeological diggings. It is a very old variety not often available through seed companies.
    9. Smooth Luffa Luffa cylindrica

      絲 瓜

      Luffas are vining annual plants that produce fruits for food and the luffa sponge. The fruits of Smooth Luffa are preferred for luffa sponges. Angled luffa, C. acutangula, is the preferred species for edible fruit.
    10. Snake Gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina (syn. T. anguina)

      A vining annual vegetable crop. The plant produces a wavy cucumber-like fruit that is harvested immature and cooked like a squash. This crop is well suited to growth in the humid lowland tropics. The delicate vines need a trellis. The mature fruit turns orange or red when ripe and can be used in...
    11. Italian Edible Gourd/Cucuzzi Lagenaria siceraria

      This ItalianEdible Gourd, long cultivated in Italy, is believed to have its origin in India. The parent species, the Bottle Gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, is believed to have its origin in Africa.
    12. Angled Luffa Luffa acutangula

      Luffas are vining annual plants that produce fruits for food and the luffa sponge. The young fruits of Angled Luffa are edible raw or cooked. Although two species produce a fibrous skeleton in the mature fruit, Smooth Luffa (Luffa cylindrica) is the preferred species for the luffa sponge. This...
    13. Gac Momordica cochinchinensis

      Gac is a woody, perennial plant with vining stems reaching 6 m or more in length. Growing from tuberous roots, the vines are often seen climbing on fences or into the tops of trees. Its large (10-15 cm wide), dark green leaves have three to five lobes. Gac is dioecious, meaning that some plants...
    14. Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis